A bundle of fiber not thicker than a pencil can carry all of the world’s current communication traffic. A single copper pair conductor can carry six phone calls; a single fiber pair can carry more than 2.5 million phone calls simultaneously. A fiber network to the home is the ultimate solution for broadband connectivity as it provides virtually unlimited bandwidth to consumers.
FTTH can give a minimum speed of 100 Mbps per house, if Point to Point technologies are used. It can currently deliver speeds up to 1Gbps (gigabit per second) or 2.5 Gbps per house, and even 10Gbps in the near future.
Smart Homes and Smart Cities are built on fiber. Smart Communities of the future will require super fast, reliable broadband to support a plethora of new services. FTTH will be able to handle even futuristic Internet uses – technologies such as 3D holographic HD television and games, which will be commonplace in the future. FTTH is the only technology able to handle the estimated 30-gigabyte-per-second needs of such equipment, making it truly future-proof.
The data-carrying capacity of each strand of fiber can be increased to meet future needs almost without limit, simply by changing the lasers. Once fiber is installed, it may not have to be replaced for many decades.
Fiber is currently the most reliable telecommunications infrastructure available anywhere. It is immune to many environmental factors that affect copper cable. Fiber cable has a longer life than copper because it does not corrode. It can safely be run next to industrial equipment and generates no heat. Fiber is less susceptible to temperature fluctuations than copper and can be submerged in water.
Fiber does not lose the signal the way copper does over long distances. Because light signals don’t interfere with other fibers in the same cable, you get clearer conversations. Fiber is immune to electromagnetic interference and radio-frequency interference, cross talk, and impedance problems.